गुरुवार, 25 दिसंबर 2014

Corrupted by British, Indian History needs Rewriting

I am really thankful to the people who made me understand the deceitful manipulation of Indian History done by British for their own personal, financial and religious gain. I believe that our history needs to be rewritten by Indian scholars with the help of archeologists and scientists. While reading this collection you will see that more proofs are given here for support than those given by British for their points (Actually British gave almost nothing for proof, what a funny thing about Indians and their history!!!!).


I wish you read it with open mind and I'm sure it will give you a better perspective to think. (I am going to translate and publish it in Hindi soon.)


This is a collection of tweets of @Janamejayan(https://twitter.com/Janamejayan). Thanks to @sampurna_Lahiri(https://twitter.com/sampurna_Lahiri) for compiling these History tweets.


1. In this series of tweets I will be bringing out the genesis of the ‘Reconstruction of Indian History’ by the British colonialists.

2. In this attempt I gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Sistla Lakshmipati Sastry and Pandit Kota Venkatachalam.

3. Upon converting a business venture into a venture of conquest the British felt it imperative to learn Indian History and its languages.

4. They knew that even though there were many dialects in different parts of India, the ruling and common language was Sanskrit.

5. It was therefore necessary for the British colonialists to learn Sanskrit.

6. In 1784 AD Governor General Warren Hastings appointed Sir William Jones of the East India Company stationed in Kashmir 4 this purpose.

7. Sir William Jones had collected some historical papers known as Dabristan Documents.

8. Warren Hastings appointed Sir William Jones as the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court and ordained him to write Indian History.

9. Sir William Jones immediately founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal and on its behalf, embarked on the task of writing Indian History.

10. But the history of India was contained in the Puranas, one of the five elements of the Puranas being History.

11. The 5 elements are, Evolution of Earth, Creation, Eras of Manu, Genealogy of Dynasties, & Histories of the kings in various dynasties.

12. Sir William Jones, therefore, had to know what was contained in the Puranas.

13. For this purpose he took the assistance of one, Radhakant Pandit, a learned Sanskrit scholar.

14. Radhakant Pandit apprised him of the great antiquity of Indian History going back to millions of years.

15. Antiquity of Indian History comprised many Mahayugas and Yugas (ages) and that, the current, Kaliyuga, commenced in 3101 BC.

16. Having heard this, Sir Jones was flabbergasted!

17. He knew from Dabristan Documents, that about 153 Indian Kings ruled Bactria for about 6000 yrs before Alexander's invasion of India.

18. But millions of years was a bit too much for Sir Jones's consumption.

19. Jones, therefore, at once concluded that - the 1st 3 ages - Krita, Treta & Dwapara Yugas – were chiefly mythological.

20. He contended their mythology was founded on the dark enigmas of their astronomers, or the heroic fictions of their poets.

21. And the 4th, viz. Kaliyuga or ' historical age', Jones decided, cannot be carried back further than 2000 years before Christ.

22. Sir Jones however did not initially dispute the date of the commencement of Kaliyuga.

23. Sir Jones published the following chronology on the basis of the information given to him by Pandit Radhakant, as Chronology – I.

23a. Sir Jones gave the names and periods of kings in each dynasty:

Name Dynasty Period No. of Kings No. of Years
Barhadradhas 3101 BC to 2100 BC 20 1000
Pradyotas 2100 BC to 1962 BC 5 138
Sirunagas 1962 BC to 1602 BC 10 360
Nandas 1602 BC to 1502 BC 1 (should be 9 kings) 100
Mauryas 1502 BC to 1365 BC 10 137
Sungas 1365 BC to 1253 BC 10 112
Kanvas 1253 BC to 908 BC 4 345
Balin (Andhra) 908 BC to 452 BC 32 (names of 21 given) 456
"After the death of the last Andhra King Chandra Bija, which happened according to the Hindus 396 years before Vikramaditya, or 452 BC, we hear no more about Magadha as an independent kingdom."
(pages 35 to 40, of the "Chronology of the Hindus", written in January, 1788)

24. However Sir Jones took into account Buddha's birth, determined by another British Scholar M. Dr. Guinness as 1027 BC.

25. So Sir Jones stated that, according to Bhagavata Mitra (?) Buddha's appearance was 2 years after Pradyota.

26. Thus Sir Jones formulated another chronology of Magadha Kings as Chronology - II, as under:
Abhimanyu, son of Arjun 2029 BC (!!!)
Pradyota 1029 BC
Buddha 1027 BC
Nanda 699 BC
Balin (Andhra) 149 BC
Vikramaditya 56 BC
Devapala, King of Gaur 23 BC

27. This absurd and arbitrary fixation of chronology was not based merely on conjectures. It had a deep-rooted conspiracy behind it.

28. The Old Testament of the Bible, through the Mosaic Revelation, decreed that the world was born 4000 years before Christ.

29. To the western mind there was nothing anterior to the bilical creation of 4000 years before Christ.

30. In 1642 AD some British Scholars, notably Prof. Light, announced that Biblical date was a mistaken idea (cont)

31. This contesting of Biblical date angered the Archbishops who considered it a sacrilege.

32. They therefore held a meeting under the chairmanship of Rev. Usher, Archbishop of Ireland.

33. They declared that the world was born in the year 4004 BC on October the 23rd at 9 a.m. !

34. And they proclaimed that anyone contradicting it would be treated as a heretic.

35. The Christians, therefore, would not accept any history or culture earlier to this date.

36. It was therefore necessary for William Jones to shorten the millions of years' antiquity of Indian culture to 4000 years before Christ.

37. Just an egoistic approach that the culture of the subjects should not be either anterior or superior to that of the rulers.

38. The authenticity of the Puranas was established also by astronomical calculations such as the movements of the planets, the stars, etc.

39 to 43 . Without any knowledge of the systems of Indian Astronomy and with a narrowed view to condense the Indian History to limit it within the "Mosaic" history (Mosaic Revelation), William Jones ventured to start questioning whether the Indian Chronology was not the same as the Christian Chronology ( … but embellished and obsessed by the fancy of their poets and the riddles of their astronomers … ) Jones thus gave the following chronological table according to his hypothesis : (page 47 ibid)

Christian Hindu Antiquity (as in 1788) Year in Christian Era Calculated according to previous column
Adam I Manu Age I (Krita Yuga) 5794 yrs Mosaic 4004+1790 AD
Noah II Manu Age II (Treta Yuga) 4737 yrs 2949 BC
Deluge 4138 yrs 2350 BC
Nimrod Hiranya Kasipu (Treta Yuga) 4006 yrs 2218 BC
Bel Bali (Treta Yuga) 3892 yrs 2104 BC
Rama Rama – Age III (Dwapara) 3817 yrs 2029 BC
Noah's death 3787 yrs 1999 BC
Pradyota 2817 yrs 1029 BC
Buddha (Age IV) (Kali) 2815 yrs 1027 BC
Nanda 2487 yrs 699 BC
Balin (Andhra) 1937 yrs 149 BC
Vikramaditya 1844 yrs 56 BC
Devapala 1811 yrs 23 BC
Christ 1787 yrs
Narayanapala 1721 yrs 67 AD
Saka 1709 yrs 81 AD
Muslim
Walid 1080 yrs 708 AD
Mahmud 786 yrs 1002 AD
Chengiz 548 yrs 1240 AD
Timur 391 yrs 1397 AD
Babur 276 yrs 1512 AD
Nadir Shah 49 yrs 1739 AD

44. It is a pity that Sir Jones condescends to decry the Indian Poets & astronomers without knowing anything about them or about astronomy.

45. On the other hand, the Western astronomers, who acquainted themselves with Indian Astronomy, were full of praise for Indian Astronomy.

46. Some of those who praised Indian astronomy are given below:
Prof. Wilson - Mills History of India – Vol. II. Page 106
"The science of astronomy at present exhibits many proofs of accurate observation and
deduction, highly creditable to the science of Hindu astronomers."
R.A.S. of Great Britain and Ireland - Vol. II, P. 138, 139
"The Brahmin obtains his result with wonderful certainty and expedition in astronomy."

Prof. Bailley - Famous French astronomer
"The Hindu systems of astronomy are by far the oldest and from them, the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans and even the Jews derived their knowledge."

W.W. Hunter – Brief History of Indian People – Page 53
"The Brahmins had advanced far in Astronomy before the Greeks arrived in India in 327 BC… The fame of the Brahmin astronomers spread westwards and their works were translated by the Arabs about 800 AD and so reached Europe."

Monier Williams – Indian Wisdom – Page 189
"A very strange theory of planetary motion is expounded at the commencement of Surya Siddhanta, Chapter II, which is unknown outside India."

Weber's Indian Literature – Page 255
"During the eighth and ninth centuries, the Arabs were the disciples of Hindus."

C.B. Clarke F.G.S. – Geographical Reader
"Till of late years we do not know with extreme exactness the longitudes of distant places."

Har Bilas Sarda – Hindu Superiority – Page 296, foot-note 1
"The ancient Hindu method of finding longitude by first finding out the Desantara Ghatika, with the aid of observation made at the time of lunar eclipse, is not only scientific but also infallible."

W.W. Hunter – Brief History of the Indian People – Page 55
"An Indian Astronomer, the Raja Jai Simha was able to correct the list of Stars published by the celebrated French astronomer De-Le-Hire in 1702 AD."
And many more…

47. William cast aside those that did not suit his liking and accepting where they suited him.

48. Yet Jones was not quite satisfied at his own arbitrariness at having brushed aside Puranas.

49. Jones tried to find whether he could gather some information from the Greek records.

50. He therefore went through the Greek Classical Accounts.

51. Jones found that at the time of Alexander's invasion, the then king of Magadha, Xandrimus, had a very strong Army.

52. It consisted of 4000 elephants, 2000 chariots, 20,000 horses and 2,00,000 men.

53. Jones found out that Xandrimus’s successors were, Sandrocottus and Sandrocyptus.

54. Jones also came to know from the Bhagavata Purana that Chandragupta Maurya killed Mahapadma Nanda and usurped his throne.

55. Jones therefore linked both the events and because of the sheer resemblance of the word Sandrocottus to Chandragupta, [56.] concluded that Sandrocottus was Chandragupta Maurya

57. Not withstanding the dissimilarity of Xandrimus 2 former King Mahapadma Nanda and that of Sandrocyptus to Chandragupta's son Bindusara.

58 & 59. William Jones, very well knew the names of Mahapadma Nanda and Bindusara vide the chronology published by himself, but he was faced with such a situation that he had to identify Sandrocottus of 327-323 BC with Chandragupta Maurya of 1502 BC.

60. This was because of his own Chronology!

61 & 62. He, apparently in consultation with the then Governor General Warren Hastings, changed the date of coronation of Chandragupta Maurya, [62.] patently dishonestly, to 324 BC blanking 1200 years of Indian History, the full details of which are available in Puranas are missing patently dishonestly, to 324 BC blanking 1200 years of Indian History, the full details of which are available in Puranas.

Points #63 and #64 are deliberately kept blank.

65 & 66. In the year 1807 AD, a military officer of the East India Company, Col. Joseph Bodin, donated all his earnings amounting to £ 25,000/- after his retirement from Service, to the Oxford University for establishing a Sanskrit professorship seat.

67. The prerequisite for this fund was to make the British scholars well versed in Sanskrit.

68 & 69. The plot behind this generosity was, with this knowledge of Sanskrit, deride and discredit the scriptures of the Hindus by misinterpreting them and destroy the faith placed in them by the educated Hindus so as to convert them to Christianity.

70. The idea obviously was that religious slavery would expedite and intensify political slavery.

71. Professors who passed out of that faculty were known as " Bodin Professors."

72. It was these professors that were entrusted with the work of writing Indian History.

73. Their intention clearly was, to misrepresent scriptures and Puranas, and spread Christianity - not to trace the correct history of India.

74 & 75. Max Meuller, known for his love for Sanskrit, was also an applicant for the professorship, claiming that owing to his translations, many an educated Hindu had converted to Christianity, but he was not selected, losing out to the British, Monier Williams.

76 & 77. The Greek Classical Accounts upon which Sir Williams Jones placed his faith on finding the name of Sandrocottus which resembled Chandragupta were actually exploits of Alexander, described by 4 chroniclers who accompanied him during his expeditions.

78 & 79. They were lost even a couple of centuries later. However, Megasthenes, the Greek Ambassador to the Magadha Emperor, wrote a book by name "Raicoca" (translated as Indica), relating to the social life of the Indians during his stay in India which was around 300 BC.

80. Even this book was lost, but a few sheets here and there became available.

81 & 82. On the basis of those sheets Arrian, an Italian chronicler, and a few others also, such as Diodorus, Curtins etc.

82. Strabo in 1st century had expressed that "Generally speaking, men who have hitherto written on the affairs of India, are a set of liars".

83 to 85. Nevertheless, a German historian Schewenbeck, gleaned as much as he could, from the available sources, added his own impressions, and wrote a book "Indica", published in the year 1846 AD. On the basis of these scrappy notes, a British historian J. W. McCrindle wrote two books, one in 1877 and the other in 1893 under the title "Ancient Indian History as Described by Megasthenes and Arrian".

86 & 87. These baseless Greek Classical Accounts were taken as the foundation by the Bodin Scholars and other British historians to write the history of India, ignoring the vivid history already contained in Puranas which were in Sanskrit.

88. The following are some of the details about what Megasthenes had to say in regard to India at the time of his stay:

89. (i) At the time of Alexander's invasion the king of Magadha was Xandrimus whom Sandrocottus killed and usurped the Kingdom.

90. (ii) Pataliputra was the capital of Magadha.

91. (iii) Xandrimus had a large Army of 4000 elephants, 2000 chariots, 20,000 horses and 2,00,000 infantry.

92. (iv) The kings had a title tagged to their names.

93. (v) Seleucus had sent 'Megasthenes' there, as his ambassador, and 'Demoeos' to his son Sandrocyptus at Pataliputra, etc.

94. (vi) Sandrocyptus conquered the whole of Bharat and also up to Oxus River.

95. (vii) Seleucus married his daughter to Chandragupta.

96. Of these, only 1 - that he killed the previous king & usurped the throne, would apply if Sandrocottus is taken as Chandragupta Maurya.

97. He did not have a large army, nor conquered the whole of Bharat, but came to the throne owing to the political prowess of Chanakya.

98. Neither he, nor any of the kings in the Mauryan dynasty Mahapadmananda's dynasty whose name bore no resemblance to Xandrimus.

99. The son of Chandragupta was Bindusara, whose name, again, bore no resemblance to Sandrocyptus.

100. On the other hand, as for Puranas, Mahapadmananda was anointed to the throne 150 years after Parikshit's birth which was in 3138 BC.

101. It means that Mahapadmananda became king of Magadha in 1634 BC.

102. The Nandas ruled for 100 years, after which, Chandragupta killed the last of the Nandas and became king, i.e. in 1534 BC.

103 & 104. The theory of Sir William Jones that Chandragupta Maurya succeeded to Magadha kingdom in 327/324 BC, which was perpetrated by the successive British historians, (except a few, who objected to it) was therefore totally wrong.

105 to 108. Sir William Jones did not care to know any Purana beyond Bhagavata Purana, the historical content wherein ended with Andhra dynasty, which according to him was 452 BC. The history of further dynasties are contained in many other Puranas like the Vayu Purana, the MatsyaPurana, the Bhavishyath Maha Purana (of which Kaliyuga Rajavansavali, a treatise of purely historical aspects was an integral part), and so on.

109. According to them, the last of the Andhra kings, Chandrabija, was killed by his army commander Chandragupta, of Gupta dynasty.

110. Chandragupta usurped the throne with his army which was already totally under his control.

111 & 112. Guptas were known as Andhra Bhrityas. It was this Chandragupta of the Gupta dynasty that was the 'Sandrocottus' of Megasthenes; and the 'Xandrimus' he killed to usurp the throne was Chandrabija. He had a large army of 4000 elephants etc.

113 to 115. He also had a title 'Vijayaditya'as did the other Gupta Kings, titles such as 'Asokaditya', 'Vikramaditya', 'Mahendraditya', 'Baladitya' etc. During Chandragupta Maurya's time, and even later till the Andhra kings' time, the capital of Magadha was Girivraja and not Pataliputra.

116. It was only Chandragupta of Gupta dynasty that shifted the capital from Girivraja to Pataliputra.

117. Chandragupta's son was Samudragupta, whose name corresponds to Sandrocyptus.

118. It was he, who expanded his kingdom throughout Bharat etc.

119. There is no evidence anywhere that Seleucus married his daughter to Chandragupta Maurya.

120. On the other hand, as per Allahabad inscriptions, Samudragupta received in marriage a daughter of a foreign king.

121. Thus all names, and attributes, contained in the description of Megasthenes fully correspond to Chandragupta of the Gupta Dynasty and not Chandragupta Maurya.


122. Although Chandrabija was slain and his kingdom usurped, his minor son Pulomavi survived.

123. Pulomavi was kept under his own protection by Chandragupta, perhaps to obviate any revolt or upsurge by the Satavahanas.

124. Chandragupta had two wives.

125. The elder was the daughter of the King of Nepal, whose son Samudragupta was the rightful heir to the throne.

126. Samudragupta was also very strong and had the command of the entire army with which he defeated the armies of Seleucus.

127. The second wife was from Licchavi Kshatriya family. Her son Ghatotkacha was the favourite of Chandragupta.

128. Chandragupta planned to install Ghatotkacha on the throne. Having come to know this, Samudragupta revolted.

129. With the entire army he commanded & help from his grandfather, Gunakama Deva Varma, the King of Nepal, Samudragupta slew Ghatotkacha.

130. Samudragupta killed own father Chandragupta and the minor Pulomavi, and crowned himself to the throne of Magadha.

131. With his mighty army, Samudragupta then conquered the entire Bharatavarsha.

132. Samudragupta then on conquered from the Oxus River ( then part of Greece ) to the southern end of Bharata, then ruled by the Vakatakas.

133. The Greek historians also wrote that Sandrocottus, leading a large army, revolted against and killed his father.

134. This applies to Samudragupta and not to Chandragupta Maurya. He was thus the Sandrocyptus of Megasthenes.

135. By identifying Chandragupta of Maurya Dynasty with Sandrocottus, Sir William Jones and later historians wilfully and dishonestly curtailed the history of India by 1200 years on this count alone.

136. In his foreword to Mudra Rakshasam, Prof. H. H. Wilson remarked that Sir. William Jones was imperfectly acquainted with his authorities as he quoted a poem of Somadeva, which was not relevant. However Col. Wilford supported Jones on the ground that there was evidence in Mudra Rakshasam itself. This was again contradicted by Prof. Wilson, who wrote - "it does not appear that Col. Wilford had investigated the drama himself… as he continues to quote Mudra Rakshasam for various matters it does not contain". (Sistla Lakshmipati Sastry)


137. Prof. M. Troyer raised objection to identifying Chandragupta Maurya with Sandrocottus, on the basis of Rajatarangini.

138. Rajatarangini was the history of the Kings of Kashmir from 3450 BC to the date of its writing by Kalhana in 1148 AD.

139. In 1859 AD. V. A. Smith described Rajatarangini as "The Sanskrit book which comes nearest to the European notion of a regular history.

140. It is unfortunate that, despite objections raised by some of the western 'orientalists' and many Indians, Max Meuller chose to confirm the theory of William Jones, branding the writings of the Indian historians as vague.

141. Troyer had even sent a personal letter to Max Meuller, but did not get any reply from him.

142 & 143. Max Meuller, knowing the power he wielded among the credulous 'orientalists', declared the identification of Chandragupta Maurya as the King of Magadha during Alexander's invasion in 327-322 BC, as the Sheet Anchor of Indian history.

144. The ancient Indian history in its entirety has been constructed on the basis of this sheet anchor!

145 & 146. Apart from Troyer a number of other European and Indian scholars categorically differed from or objected to Max Meuller's 'Sheet Anchor' of Indian History.

146a. E. J. Rapson, in his Ancient India (Cambridge History of India, 1922 - Pages 469, 470) had categorically stated that 'Chandramas' in Sanskrit corresponds to the Greek apparition 'Xandrimus'.

146b. Dr. Fleet wrote, "We should not be able to deduce the age of Asoka from the Puranas.

146c to 148. But we should find 'Rajatarangini' would place him somewhere about 1260 B.C... And then we should set about arranging the succession of the Kings of India itself, from the Puranas, with 1260 BC for the approximate date of succession of Asoka, as our starting point". (Ashoka being his grandson, Chandragupta Maurya's age must be even earlier.)

149 to 151. H. H. Wilson (in his introduction to Vishnu Purana) writes: "After the date of great war, the Vishnu Purana, in common with other Puranas which contain similar lists, specifies kings and dynasties with greater precision and offers political and chronological particulars, to which, on the score of probability, there is nothing to object."

152 to 154. Justice Telang wrote: "It appears to me that in these days there has set in a powerful tendency in Europe to set down individual and classes of works of our ancient Sanskrit literature to as late a date as possible... I cannot leave this topic without entering an emphatic protest against the perfectly arbitrary method of fixing dates".

155 & 156. A. Somayajulu (Dates in Ancient History of India) wrote: "The history now taught in Indian schools is simply a heap of such misrepresentations and baseless conjectures".

157 & 158. Many other India and foreign scholars (Col. Tad, M. A. Stein, Prof. B. Keith, Prof. T. S. Narayana Sastry, Kuppiah etc.) pointed out the inaccuracies of the arbitrary assignment of dates to Indian dynasties and Indian literature.

159 to 161. Dr. Kota Venkatachalam threw a "challenge" to the believers in the current false history of India, to come out with their authorities and arguments in support of their views and submit their report in writing to the judgement of any tribunal competent to deal with the matter; but it evoked no response.

162 to 164. Dr. Sri Ram Sathe wrote to Dr. Mujumdar of the Archeological Society of India, reminding him of the challenge thrown by Dr. Kota Venkatachalam. He observed that the attitude of the Archeological Society in not responding to the 'challenge', issued after a fifty year research in ancient Indian History, is an insult to historians.

165. Even then, only a lukewarm acknowledgement was received from there, evading the issue.

166. The arbitrary imposition of their views on ancient Indian history by western scholars had their effect on a number of other events.

167 to 169. Even though Vikramaditya was included in the chronology of Sir William Jones, the subsequent British historians branded him as a fictitious figure. They ignored his great grandson Salivahana also but recognised only one king, Bhojaraja in the Paramara dynasty. The Vikram Saka (57 BC) founded by Vikramaditya was ignored.

170 & 171. The Salivahana Saka founded by Salivahana in 78 AD was attributed by some to 'Kanishka' (who actually reigned from 1294 - 1234 BC) and by some to an Andhra Satavahana king Hala Satakarmi (who ruled from 489 to 484 BC).

172 to 174. The year of Buddha was brought down to 483 BC, whereas the same was shown in different dates between 2000 BC and 800 BC in other countries of Buddhism, such as Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Japan etc. The period of Adi Sankara was brought down from 509 BC to 8th century AD.
175 & 176. The dynasty of Satavahanas was brought down to 289 years after Christ, but actually they ruled for 506 years from 833 to 327 BC, when their last king Chandrabija (Xandrimus of Megasthenes) was killed.

177 & 178. Many more such inaccuracies have been wantonly and maliciously brought into the Ancient Indian history, which our children are being taught for the last century or so.

179 & 180. Granting for a moment that there is a possibility of Puranas and Indian scholars being wrong, and that the British Scholars were right, we may proceed to examine what the European scholars have themselves stated in this context:

181. Max Meuller : "India - What It Can Teach Us in page 63 "During the last twenty years, I had the excellent opportunities of watching a number of native scholars under circumstances where it is not difficult to detect a man's character, I mean in literary work, and more particularly in literary controversy. I have watched them carrying on such controversy, both, among themselves and with certain European scholars, and I feel bound to say that, with hardly one exception they have displayed a far greater respect for truth, and a far more manly and generous spirit than we are accustomed to even in Europe or America. They have shown strength, but no rudeness; nay, I know that nothing has surprised them as much as the coarse invective to which certain Sanskrit scholars have condescended, rudeness of speech being, according to their view of human nature, a safe sign of not only bad breeding but of want of knowledge. There have been, with few exceptions, no quibbling, no special pleading, no untruthfulness on their part; certainly none of that low cunning of the scholar who writes down and publishes what he knows perfectly well to be false and snaps his fingers at those who still value truth and self-respect more highly than victory of applause at any price. Let me add that I have been repeatedly told by English merchants that Commercial honour stands higher in India that in any other country and that a dishonoured bill is hardly known there."

182. (ii) W.W. Hunter: The History of Indian people - (1881 AD) "What the Greek Ambassador Magasthenes (cont)
http://tl.gd/n_1s212sm

183. (iii) Strabo : "Indians are so truthful that they do not lock their doors. No written documents are necessary for their agreements."

184. (iv) Arrian : "No Indian is know to have spoken untruth."

185. (v) Idrisi :"Indians by their very nature are just." etc. etc.

185. (v) Idrisi :"Indians by their very nature are just." etc. etc.

186 to 189. More than the sin committed by Sir. William Jones, the Bodin Professors & other British historians with jaundiced eyes are... Blunder, bordering on sacrilege is being committed by our own historians and archaeologists whose blood is saturated with slavish culture of the west and the distorted history injected into them by the ilks of Bodin professors, whose main objective was to destroy the faith of the educated Hindus in their scriptures.

190 to 195. For this purpose, they should erase Sanskrit and superimpose English, by whatever means – rewarding only those with administrative authority, who are proficient in English, bestowing respectability only to those who adopt western habits and manners, reducing Sanskrit scholars to abject poverty, converting vulnerable Hindus to Christianity either by force or by bribing them with petty jobs, creating and encouraging a hiatus in the social structure of Hindus and disuniting it, et al, for which large sums of monies are being pumped from the West.

196 & 197. While it is understandable that the Imperial Colonial masters impose such measures to ensure absolute superiority over their subjects, it is deplorable that after 67 years of independence we continue to be mentally their slaves, just as Macaulay intended.

198 & 199. "Indian education should produce a class of people, who merely dress and eat like Indians but think like the British, to serve the interests of the alien rulers". Their attitude is "dream what you desire, and believe in your dream."

200. Sistla Lakshmipati Sastry gives the main reasons for this aberration and they are :

(i) The cancerous worm that had penetrated into the brains of our scholars, and in particular the 'foreign - educated' scholars, that whatever is foreign is great and whatever Indian, inferior. Whatever has been taught in foreign Universities and by scholars passing out from these is the acme of knowledge; and that any superstructure by way of research may be built on it only on the walls of those Alma Maters. It is like running after a distant mirage for water, crossing a river of cool fresh water.

201. (ii) The second and more important, being that none of such scholars who perpetrate the distorted history can read or understand Sanskrit, the language in which our past history, Puranas, has been recorded - nor do they have a will to do some research into them. Is it not the same age-old story of seven blind men investigating an elephant?

202. (iii) Successive Governments since the advent of Independence have done nothing to change the Macaulayian system of education and infuse a national outlook. On the other hand, with political ambition of catching 'minority votes', some individuals and institutions did their best to "de-Indianise" and "de-nationalise" education, laying stress on 'convent' education, making children totally blind to their culture.

203. (iv) (iv) The unbecoming laziness on part of the professors and concerned persons and the inclination to let the sleeping dogs lie. They get their pay all right, why bother?

204. (v) Commitment to un-Indian ideological theories such as Capitalism, Communism etc.

205. History of a country should be based on facts recorded by the people of that country, and verified through archaeological and numismatic evidences such as inscriptions, coins etc. If the latter are not available, particularly for a period hundreds of years old, it can not be said that the fact does not exist. History should not be based solely on broken pot pieces and worn out coins. It sure sounds illogical and stupid that since the clothes of one's grandparents do not exist now, therefore, logically, one's grandparents also never existed!

206. To set the matters right is a Herculean task - but this must be done, the sooner the better.

207. This (restoring our real history) can not be done by individuals. Attempts in the past by certain individuals by correspondence with the Archaeological Department, or through books published by them went unheeded and uncared for. The Government on its own, or through historical research units in different states should undertake research and establish the truth.

208. Sistla Lakshmipati Sastry wrote: Some tend to question - "What is the earthly use of reviving the past history? How will it benefit the country?" The answer is simple. Do you not like to revive the past glory of your family if a couple of your predecessors in the family lost it for whatever reason? Revival of the past is the rejuvenation of the present. When it is so for a family, how about the history and culture which belongs to the oldest civilisation of the world? Do you like to be called History-less (charitraheen) in spite of the glorious past? The culture of the past inspires the culture of the future. There are also some persons who say, “Why upsurge now? Why not be liberal?" Yes, why independence? Why not be liberal and request Britain (as in the past) or America or Italy, to rule our country? This is where patriotism comes in. Eschewing our past culture is like disowning the mother. It is like disowning our own country, our own soul.

Breathes there the man, with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land ?
Aum Tat Sat

गुरुवार, 23 जनवरी 2014

जो इतिहास हमें पढ़ाया जाता है, क्या वह सही है ?

मेरे कई मित्र लोग बोलेंगे कि 'इतिहास तो बीत गया, वर्तमान पर ध्यान दो', तब मैं कहता हूँ कि तुम जिन महापुरुषों की कहानियाँ अपने बच्चों को सुनाते हो या जो उदाहरण देते हो, वह सब इतिहास ही तो है, तो फिर क्यूँ तुम उन्हें गलत बातें बताते हो । सही बातें बताने के लिए सही इतिहास का अध्ययन भी आवश्यक है । 
 
इतिहास इसीलिए भी आवश्यक है क्योंकि उससे आने वाली पीढ़ीयों को यह पता चलता है कि क्या करना चाहिए और क्या नहीं करना चाहिए ।  और जो लोग अपने इतिहास को भुलाते हैं, वे अपनी सभ्यता की अच्छाईयाँ भुला बैठते हैं और पहले की गयी गलतियों को दोहराते हैं । किसी ने कहा है "Those who forget their history are doomed to repeat it."
 
अब मैं साधारण प्रश्न उत्तर वाले तरीके से यह सिद्ध करूंगा कि हमें क्यूँ विद्यालय की पुस्तकों में लिखे इतिहास को आँख मूंदकर स्वीकार नहीं कर लेना चाहिए । हाँ, ये पुस्तकें प्रारम्भ करने के लिए अच्छी हो सकती हैं । 
 
प्रश्न: आप कैसे कह सकते हैं कि जो इतिहास पढ़ाया जाता है, वह गलत या अधूरा है ?
उत्तर: मैं ये नहीं कहता कि सब गलत है किन्तु काफी कुछ गलत है और अधूरापन के लिए मैं लोगों के लिए कुछ प्रश्न नीचे देता हूँ:
१. दक्षिण भारत के चोल, चेर, पांड्य, चालुक्य और पल्लव वंश के बारे में आप क्या जानते हैं?
२. क्या आप पुलकेशिन द्वितीय के बारे में जानते हैं?
३. क्या आप शालिवाहन वंश के बारे में जानते हैं?
४. क्या आप गुजरात के प्रतिहार वंश के बारे में जानते हैं जिन्होंने ७ वीं सदी से ९ वीं सदी तक भारत पर अरबों के आक्रमण को रोककर रखा ?
५. क्या आप समुद्रगुप्त के बारे में जानते हैं जिसका साम्राज्य सम्पूर्ण उत्तर भारत और आज के पाकिस्तान, अफगानिस्तान और ईरान तक था । गुप्त काल भारत का स्वर्ण युग कहा जाता है लेकिन उसका कितना वर्णन किताबों में है ? अकबर और अशोक की तरह समुद्रगुप्त और विक्रमादित्य को महान क्यूँ नहीं कहते?
६. क्या आपने बाप्पा रावल के बारे में पढ़ा है, स्कूल की किताबों में?
७. आप महान ज्ञानी राजा, कला के संरक्षक राजा भोज और कृष्णदेवराय के बारे में कितना जानते हैं?
८. आप तेनालीराम को बीरबल की तरह जोकर समझते हैं, किन्तु वह कृष्णदेवराय का मंत्री, विद्वान, लेखक और महान राजनीतिज्ञ था । क्या आप जानते हैं?
९. क्या आपने स्कंदगुप्त के बारे में पढ़ा है, जिसने अपने जीवन का बड़ा हिस्सा सीमा पर शत्रुओं से लड़ने में बिता दिया?
 
अगर आप ऊपर की बातों को नहीं जानते तो कृपाकर के जानें तब आपको पता चलेगा कि कितना कुछ पुस्तकों से बाहर है । 
 
प्रश्न: क्या अकबर को महान कहना गलत है? क्या अशोक को महान कहना गलत है?
उत्तर: हाँ, गलत है । इन्हें ताकतवर राजा कह सकते हैं लेकिन महान होने के लिए व्यक्ति को ज्ञानी, चरित्रवान, कलाप्रेमी और वीर सभी कुछ होना चाहिए । नीचे की पंक्तियों में कुछ बाते बताता  हूँ:
अकबर की महानता जो स्कूल किताबों में पढने को नहीं मिलती :
१. अकबर ने राजपूतों के साथ वैवाहिक सम्बन्ध बनाये और शांति स्थापित किया । अच्छा, शादी सम्बन्ध दोनों तरफ से होना चाहिए सिर्फ लड़कियां लेना नहीं होता और ऐसा क्या कि सारी औरतों से खुद ही शादी कर लिया, क्या इसके भाई, भतीजे सब मर गए थे क्या? ऐसे व्यक्ति को महान नहीं अमर्यादित और दुश्चारित्र कहते हैं । ये रिश्ते तो राजपूतों को उसके कत्लेआम से डरकर करने पड़े थे । 
२. अगर अकबर महान था तो क्या महाराणा प्रताप और रानी दुर्गावती महान नहीं थे और इसीलिए अकबर ने उनसे लड़ाई की?
३. अकबर कला प्रेमी था, उसके दरबार में नौ रत्न थे। कौन से रत्न? विद्वान बीरबल जो एक युद्ध में मारा गया या कवि रहीम जिसकी पत्नी को अकबर ने बलात अपनी बीवी बना लिया । ये नौ रत्न का दिखावा उसने महान बनने के चक्कर में भारतीय राजाओं विक्रमादित्य, भोज और कृष्णदेवराय से चुराया था । 
४. उसने तुलसीदास को कैद करके रखा क्यूंकि उन्होंने उसकी प्रशंसा में ग्रन्थ लिखने से मना कर दिया था । 
५. चित्तौड़ ने मुगलों के सामने समर्पण से मना कर दिया था, इसीलिए जब युद्ध के बाद विजयी अकबर नगर में घुसा तो उसने २०००० से भी ज्यादा लोगों की हत्या करवा दिया । 
 
अशोक की महानता जो स्कूल की किताबों में पढने को नहीं मिलती:
१. राज्य के लिए अपने भाइयों की हत्या किया । 
२. बौद्ध धर्म को अपनाने के लिए लोगों पर जोर डाला और राज्य कोष को बौद्ध धर्म के प्रचार के लिए पानी की तरह बहाया । मौर्य साम्राज्य के पतन का एक कारण । 
३. अहिंसा के अंधानुकरण को बढ़ावा देकर क्षत्रियों के मनोबल को कमजोर किया । मौर्य साम्राज्य के पतन का एक कारण । 
४. जब से बौद्ध धर्म ने राजवंश में प्रवेश किया, साम्राज्य का पतन प्रारम्भ हो गया । जब विदेशी आक्रांता अयोध्या तक घुस आये और फिर भी राजा वृहद्रथ ने अहिंसावादी होने के कारण युद्ध करने से मना कर दिया, तब पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने सम्पूर्ण सेना के सामने सम्राट की हत्या कर दिया और शुंग वंश का प्रारम्भ हुआ । 
 
ऊपर के उदाहरण मात्र ये बताने के लिए हैं कि बहुत कुछ है जो बहुत सारे लोगों को नहीं पता है और फिर भी वे कुतर्क करने से पीछे नहीं हटते । 
 
प्रश्न: हर कोई राजा बनने के लिए भाई भतीजों को मारता था तो अशोक ने क्या गलत किया? और इसका क्या सबूत है कि अशोक ने जोर डाला बौद्ध धर्म के लिए लोगों पर?
उत्तर: भाई भतीजों को मारना राजा बनने के लिए मुगलों, मंगोलों और तुर्कों में होता था, भारतीय राजवंशों में नहीं । इसके लिए कुछ उदाहरण देता हूँ:
१. राजा हर्षवर्धन ने जीवन भर अपनी बहन को साम्राज्ञी बनाकर उसके आधीन रहकर राज्य किया । 
२. समुद्रगुप्त चाहते थे कि उनका पुत्र चन्द्रगुप्त शासन करे किन्तु चन्द्रगुप्त ने भातृ प्रेम के कारण अपने भाई रामगुप्त को राजा बनने दिया । बाद में रामगुप्त के चारित्रिक और अन्य दुर्गुणों के कारण उसकी हत्या हो गयी किन्तु उसके पीछे चन्द्रगुप्त की राज्य इच्छा नहीं थॆ। 
३. राजा भतृहरि ने राज्य छोड़ा और राज्य उनके छोटे भाई विक्रमादित्य को मिला । 
४. महाराणा प्रताप का भाई शक्तिसिंह राज्य न मिलने से नाराज होकर मुगलों से जा मिला, किन्तु उसी शक्तिसिंह ने हल्दीघाटी के युद्ध में महाराणा प्रताप की जान बचाया । 
 
और अशोक ने जैन धर्मियों पर जो अत्याचार किया उसका वर्णन आपको जैन ग्रंथों में मिल जाएगा । 
 
प्रश्न: भारत हमेशा से ही टुकड़ों में बँटा  हुआ था और यह कभी एक न हो पाता , अकबर अशोक और अन्य शासकों ने इसी एकीकरण का प्रयास किया था । उत्तर भारतीय और दक्षिण भारतीय हमेशा से ही बँटे हुए थे, तो फिर कैसे हम इस इतिहास पर गर्व करें ?
उत्तर: आज हम अनेकता में एकता की बात करते हैं, क्या हम उस समय के बारे में ऐसा नहीं सोच सकते? उस समय तो धर्म भी आज जैसे नहीं थे । १० वीं सदी तक तो लोग धर्म के नाम पर लड़ने के बारे में सोचते भी नहीं थे । और कई भिन्न भिन्न राज्यों में बँटे होने पर भी भारत एक था, इसके लिए कुछ उदाहरण देता हूँ:
१.  कलिंग और आंध्र की सेनाओं ने उत्तर में जाकर यूनानी आक्रमणकारियों को हराया जब मौर्य राजवंश और मगध बौद्ध धर्म और अहिंसा के अंधानुकरण में व्यस्त था । दुश्मनों को खदेड़कर ये सेनाएं लौट गयीं, इन्होने मगध की कमजोरी का लाभ उठाकर उस पर अधिकार नहीं किया । 
२. मालवा के राजा यशोधर्मन ने कई राजाओं को साथ लेकर विदेशियों को हराया । ऐसा ही काम बाद में राजा भोज ने किया था महमूद गजनवी के विरुद्ध । 
३. गुजरात के प्रतिहार वंशियों ने सिसोदिया राजपूतों को अरब आक्रमणकारियों के विरुद्ध सहायता किया । 
४. समुद्रगुप्त ने युद्ध के बिना ही दक्षिण के राजवंशों के साथ वैवाहिक सम्बन्ध स्थापित किये और ये सम्बन्ध अकबर की भांति नहीं थे जिसमें सिर्फ लेना और मात्र अपने लिए लेना शामिल था । 
 
भले ही भारत टुकड़ों में था किन्तु कला और संस्कृति का विकास सभी जगह था और आक्रमणकारियों के खिलाफ सभी एक हो जाते थे । 
 

चलो अभी इतना ही । और हाँ मैं और भी लिखता रहूँगा और अगर आप लोगों को कोई असहमति हो या कोई प्रश्न करना हो तो कमेंट में पूछ सकते हैं । 

मंगलवार, 12 फ़रवरी 2013

एक धर्मप्रेमी की प्रार्थना

धर्म का सदा मेरा आचरण हो ।
सत्य ही मेरा आवरण हो ।।
बना लो उसका अंग मुझको,
असुर दमन का जो उपकरण हो ।।

मेरी आवाज धर्म का  उदघोषण हो ।
मेरा कार्य धर्म का पोषण हो ।।
उठूँ जब आवेश से मैं तो,
तीव्र अधर्म का यह क्षरण हो ।।

तुम सत्य व धर्म का उत्प्रेरण हो ।
मेरे हर कर्म का तुम ही कारण हो ।।
तुमको जाने बिना हे प्रभु,
इस जीव का ना मरण हो ।।